Designing and maintaining a restorative system of justice requires addressing a number of issues, including the following:
- Building Support. It is necessary to promote the vision of restorative justice while responding progmatic to systemic and political realities.
- Co-option or Co-existence. Restorative justice programs are susceptible to the distorting influences of the traditional system.
- Diversion or Net-Widening. Restorative justice has the potential to reduce the caseload of traditional criminal justice, but might instead expand the net of social control by accepting cases that the criminal justice system would have otherwise ignored.
- Evaluation. Programs called "restorative" may not reflect a restorative vision and values. Evaluation using the right criteria will help programs become more restorative in their treatment of victims, offenders and community members.