Restorative processes have been used to address conflict between governments and their citizens as well as between ethnic groups within a country. The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commissioin is one example as are the Gacaca hearings in Rwanda. These articles address the potential and pitfalls of bringing peace in post-conflict societies.

Umuvumu Tree Project

Source: (2004) Reformative Explorations: A Psycho-spiritual and Crimino-social Quarterly on Correction and Reformation. 2(3): 284-303.When the Sycamore Tree Project®, developed by Prison Fellowship International, was adapted in Rwanda, Africa it ... Read More

Gacaca: ADR as a Response to Rwanda Genocide

Source: (2005) Synergy. 3(1). Online Journal.From April 1994 to June 1994 terror reigned throughout the tiny country of Rwanda, Africa. During those 100 days, approximately 1 million minority Tutsi were summarily massacred by the dominant Hutus in... Read More

After Arusha: Gacaca Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda

Source: (2004) African Studies Quarterly. 8(1). Fall. Downloaded 8 March 2005.The epicentre of post-genocide Rwandan society and politics has been the need for reconciliation to assuage ethnic tensions and end a culture of impunity. The Internatio... Read More

The Gacaca Tribunals and Rwanda after Genocide: Effective Restorative Community Justice or Further Abuse of Human Rights?

Source: (2003) Swords & Ploughshares Journal of International Affairs (School of International Service, American University). 13(2). Downloaded 27 October 2004.The genocide in Rwanda in the spring of 1994 was one of the world’s most horrific act... Read More

The Gacaca Tribunals in Post-Genocide Rwanda.

Source: (2005) Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking, School of Social Work, University of Minnesota. Saint Paul, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.Toran Hansen delves eloquently into the Gacaca tribunals in post-genocide Rwanda by first d... Read More

Truth Commission Amnesties and the International Criminal Court

Source: (2005) British Journal of Criminology. 45(4):565 -- 581.In South Africa’s attempt to deal with human rights abuses the International Criminal Court (ICC) was created to punish individual perpetrators. In addition to the ICC, truth commis... Read More

Rwanda's Gacaca Courts: A Preliminary Critique.

Source: (2006) Journal of African Law. 50(2):94-117.More than a decade after the genocide in Rwanda, all efforts were still failing to achieve justice for victims. This article begins by contrasting retributive and restorative justice. The nation... Read More

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