Source: (2012) James Cook University Law Review. 19:90-112.

There is also suggestion that an effective form of reparations for genocide survivors would have assisted in meeting their basic needs and would have demonstrated recognition of victims, ultimately assisting the peace and reconciliation process. A more comprehensive institutional reform would have been necessary to support both victims and perpetrators to overcome their concerns and to actively participate in gacaca, enabling the recovery of truth and ultimately reconciliation. The gacaca system has achieved a great deal of positive change in Rwandan society since the atrocities of 1994. But it appears that there were opportunities for improvement to assist Rwanda in moving towards a reconciled, more democratic society that is free from the often cited culture of impunity. (excerpt)