Despite these claims, they have received relatively little attention from scholars working in the areas of community justice and restorative justice. This article seeks to review two different models of community justice panels. The first are those which have been devised in the United States, and subsequently England and Wales, to involve the community in the 'fight against crime'. The second are those used in Australia and Canada which seek to minimise the use of a formal criminal justice response to offending behaviour by Indigenous peoples and to facilitate a culturally sensitive approach in those cases in which a formal response is unavoidable.
Despite their perceived distinct orientation, this article demonstrates that both models have inherent limitations in attempting to 'localise' justice.