Source: (2012) University of La Verne Law Review.33(2):255-283.

The goal of this paper is to provide the International Criminal Court with a workable model so that reparations may be made to victims under Article 75, which comports with defendants' due process rights. A three phase model is suggested so that the victims and the defendant have full opportunities for restorative justice: A guiltinnocence phase, a sentencing phase, and a reparations phase. The main advantage of the reparations phase of the model is that it allows for judicial efficiency within the framework of a criminal court while allowing full victim participation. The phased model is a good fit for the statutory framework of the ICC and can be applied by the Court across Chambers, avoiding fragmentation as to reparations within the Court. The reparation proceedings are based on statistical sampling and aggregate damages or in the alternative bellwether trials based on dual capacity witnesses. (authors' abstract)