Source: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. Downloaded 27 August 2004.

This report is based on an evaluation of 46 restorative justice projects funded by the Youth Justice Board…. There are a wide range of practices which claim to be restorative. The 46 projects which were funded offered the following: family group conferencing; mediation (direct and indirect); reparation (direct and to the community); victim awareness. These are not equally restorative, and the extent to which they facilitate dialogue between the offender, victim and community varies. For example, family group conferencing can be fully restorative, as all parties are involved, but victim awareness is only partly restorative. Most of the 46 projects offered a range of restorative interventions. Less than 20% offered only conferencing or mediation. The most common form of restorative intervention was community reparation (36%), followed by victim awareness (21%). Direct meetings with victims were involved in 13.5% of cases, which compares favourably with other large restorative programmes in this country. Direct reparation to the victim took place in 19% of cases, and some form of reparation (such as an oral or written apology) in 40% of cases. (excerpt)