Source: (2004) M.S. thesis, School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University.

This thesis examines Braithwaite's (1989) reintegrative shaming theory's concepts of interdependence and expressed shame. Interdependence is operationalized through an adaptation of Hirschi's (1969) social control theory, specifically attachment to mother, commitment to conventional institutions of church and school, and involvement in conventional activities. Data from the Indianapolis Restorative Justice Experiment are used. Bivariate analysis was employed to examine the relationship between diversion group assignment and levels of interdependency and expressed shame. Multivariate analysis was employed to examine the relationship of interdependency and expressed shame with re-offending. Results showed youths that completed restorative justice conferencing had higher levels of interdependency and expressed shame than control youths, but interdependency and expressed shame were not predictive of re-offending. Limitations and implications are discussed. Author's abstract.