Source: (2002) International Journal of Public Adminstration. 25(11): 1403-1426.Recent years have seen a significant surge of interest in Canada in the development of alternative criminal justice programs for Aboriginal people. With this in mind, Rudin’s purpose in this paper is twofold. One, he seeks to put the development of these programs into context. Specifically, he looks at what factors caused the interest in developing such programs. He also considers in this regard how the structure of the Canadian criminal justice system works to allow for their development. Two, he highlights the development of one program in particular – the first urban Aboriginal alternative justice program in Canada. Focusing on this program illustrates how an alternative justice program moves from conception to implementation. In this regard, Rudin emphasizes the need for local control over the development of justice programs, especially with respect to their choice of a model for dispute resolution.