Source: (2007) In Jon Miller and Rahul Kumar, ed., Reparations: Interdisciplinary Inquiries, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, Pp. 43-68.

"..This essay discusses the concept of 'reparations' as one that is simultaneously emotional and spiritual, political and social. The framework for understanding the role of 'reparations' for Native nations necessarily must be intercultural. It must account for the different historical experiences of Native nations with the Europeans that colonized these lands, and it must address Native epistemologies. There is no 'uniform' theory of reparations that fits all cultures, all nations, and all peoples. This essay explores the potential contours of a theory of reparations for Native peoples, while simultaneously acknowledging that the theory may and likely will differ, depending on the particular historical context and cultural framework that applies." (excerpt)