Source: (2007) Loyola University Chicago International Law Review 5:59ff

"... In recent years, there has been a proliferation of international legal institutions to respond to the challenges confronted by many countries emerging from armed conflict, mass violence, or systematic human rights violations. ... To date, efforts of the international community to restore respect for human rights and ensure that those responsible for atrocities and human rights abuses in post-conflict societies have predominately centered on criminal justice models. ... Part III describes the human rights violations that occurred in South Africa, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone and offers an assessment of the different institutions created to respond to the violations in each situation. ... Gacaca Because the ICTR brought so few cases to judgment and the weak domestic judicial system was plagued with severe backlogs and thousands of untried detained suspects, alternative procedures were sought to adjudicate the violations. ... The Resolution provided that: "in the particular circumstances of Sierra Leone, a credible system of justice and accountability for the very serious crimes committed there would end impunity and would contribute to the process of national reconciliation and to the restoration and maintenance of peace." b. ... In contrast to the mandate of the South African TRC, which spoke only of "gross violations," in Sierra Leone, the core concept is instead "human rights violations and abuse." ... Averting Future Atrocities through Education In every failed state there is a failed education system. (Excerpt)