Source: (1996) Juvenile Justice 3 (December): 15-22.Responding to the perception of aftercare as a weak link in the juvenile justice system, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (U.S. Department of Justice) initiated an Intensive Community-Based Aftercare Program (IAP) in 1987. The goal was to assist public and private correctional agencies in development of aftercare programs for chronic and serious juvenile offenders. In this paper, David Altschuler and Troy Armstrong report their research on the program. They describe the principles and key elements of the IAP model. Then, with reference to various pilot sites, they present their findings and conclusions.