Source: (1995) Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology (special issue):78-99.

This paper explores two new approaches in criminal justice which have important implications for indigenous and aboriginal communities, sentencing circles in Canada and family group conferences in Australia. Processes and principles involved in sentencing circles and family group conferences are described, and the effectiveness of each restorative justice approach is assessed and compared. The author concludes that sentencing circles and family group conferences will have to prove themselves before declaring success in redressing concerns with the mainstream criminal justice system upon which restorative justice is based.