Source: (2004) Ad Hoc Conference of Directors of Prison Administration and Probation Service, European Committee on Crime Problems, Council of Europe.

My operational definition of “Alternative sanctions and measures” is: “anything that replaces prison with something else”. I will also briefly comment on community efforts to prevent young people from embarking on a criminal career. Of particular importance are the Mediation Boards: channelling cases away from the courts to be handled in the local community based on the concept of restorative justice. The Mediation Boards constitute a separate system not under the Correctional Services. (author's abstract)

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