Source: (2007) in, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness, eds., Handbook of Restorative Justice. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing. pp. 91-108

"As restorative justice has grown in popularity, its proponents have developed a number of models of how restorative justice could be conceptualized and practised. It may not be an exaggeration to suggest that each proponent has his or her own vision of restorative justice. The diversity of thinking has led to numerous debates among proponents putting forward their own versions of it and criticizing competing models (McCold 1998). We shall consider two recent debates. The first relates to the implementation of restorative justice and its relationship with the criminal justice system. The second concerns ways of extending its scope: from reform of the cirminal justice system, to change at the local community level, to transforming the structure of society." (excerpt)