Source: (1985) Brookfield, VT: Gower, 321p.This overview of alternatives to criminal courts discusses arbitration, mediation, and diversion, focusing on the experience in England and Wales. Various dispute resolution arrangements that developed in small-scale communities or tribal societies are delineated and discussed. Efforts to emulate some of the positive features of these early community processes are described. Public agency involvement in alternative dispute resolution also is discussed, including the role of tribunals, local government agencies, and central administrative agencies. Finally, nonjudicial programs within the British justice system itself are examined. Appendixes cover nonjudicial alternatives in the areas of domestic violence, corporate crime, discrimination, and public order offenses.