Source: (2002) Social Policy and Administration. 36(4): 392-407.

Alternatives to custody in New Zealand have followed a format similar to criminal justice systems in the UK and other European countries but with a stronger emphasis on both punitive, work-based options like periodic detention and more recently home detention, as well as restorative justice models. Much of current practice relies heavily on the now dated Criminal Justice Act 1985. However, a new sentencing and parole act is proposed for 2002. In this paper, the authors review the current alternatives to custody in New Zealand, paying particular attention to issues arising from their recent research on home detention-surveillance, control and impacts on family members- and offering a reflection on the future for alternatives to custody.