Source: (1999) Penal Reform International.

An international conference was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan between 27 and 30 October 1999, on the subject of 'Alternatives to imprisonment in Kazakhstan'. The focus of discussion at the conference was the issue of how to implement in practice and raise the effectiveness of application of criminal sanctions which do not involve imprisonment... Subjects discussed at the conference included alternatives to pre-trial detention, alternatives to custodial sentences, various types of conditional-early release, the role of and questions surrounding the reorganisation of the criminal-executive inspection system, restorative justice and alternatives in relation to minors. The conference participants developed recommendations with the aim of assisting the government and society in general in Kazakhstan in widening the use of alternative, non-custodial measures and in increasing their effectiveness. (excerpt)