Source: (2007) California Western Law Review. 44(1): 1-85.The path they next traverse will likely determine the long-term viability of reparations claims, not only for African Americans, but also for anyone suffering the persistent wounds of injustice. ... "At best, reparation is a symbolic effort to balance the scales and an articulation of responsibility for the harm done. ... Professor Ifill thus locates reparations within the larger and more daunting task of reconciliation, or social healing, which aims to create a "new community" out of one "plagued by division. ... Human rights claims and wide-ranging, successful and failed, global redress efforts shed light on how recognition, responsibility, reconstruction, and reparation shape a kind of justice that affects social healing. ... This concern for legitimacy strategically links the generation of legal consciousness about the human right to redress for injustice, to America's much-publicized embrace of democratic principles. ... The Timor-Leste Truth and Reconciliation Commission's recommendation highlighting gender in the reparations calculus is indicative of this new frontier. ... The framework's assessment reveals that without meaningful acts of reconstruction and reparation, there will not likely be the kind of ground level experience of justice that promotes social healing for African Americans or for the people of Virginia. (Excerpt).