Source: (2013) Crosscurrents. 63(3):303-322.

What might such restorative practices entail, not only juridically, but ethically for migrants? A full consideration is beyond the scope of these reflections. Suffice for now, though, that for Tutu, the “restoration of broken relationships” translates the biblical motifs of love (agape), justice, and hospitality into the modern lingua franca of dignity, human rights, and the privilege of the poor. Thus where retributive justice miscategorizes the “illegal alien,” divesting her of moral and legal standing, restorative justice becomes a pedagogy of seeing the stranger “in all her truth”—the stranger, “exactly like me,” says Simone Weil, albeit “stamped with a special mark by affliction.” Indeed, inasmuch as agape enjoins equal respect for all moral agents, no-body can ever become illegal. (excerpt)