Source: (2013) Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal.13:131-180.

This article will briefly define the apology, forgiveness, and reconciliation processes and their benefits. It will then examine the relationship between these concepts and several of the comprehensive law movement's disciplines or vectors-those most relevant to the use of apology, forgiveness, and reconciliation in the law. It will explore the practical use of apologies and propose a framework for the essential elements of an apology. Finally, a concrete example of a recent apology will be analyzed using this framework, demonstrating the potential utility of the framework for lawyers and judges seeking to assist litigants in crafting apologies, as they practice and adjudicate comprehensively. (excerpt)