Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 367-378.A report from the Dartington Social Research Unit suggesting that considerable steps forward have been taken to improve the juvenile justice system in England and Wales during the last 25 years. An enormous residential training school system has been dismantled and most offenders are now dealt with at home in the community. This paper applies the results from the unitís 25 years of research studies to the questions about the organization of welfare intervention in the field of restitutive justice.