Source: (2004) Paper presented at the Third Conference of the European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice, “Restorative Justice in Europe: Where are we heading?", Budapest, Hungary, 14-16 October. Downloaded 24 May 2005.The aim of the study that will be presented was to diagnose the level of knowledge of RJ and mediation procedures among lawyers (including practitioners like judges, prosecutors and future lawyers-students). The subject of our interest was how the respondents assessed advantages, restrictions and dangers connected with implementing mediation into the criminal law system. The study consisted of three aspects: 1) The way of understanding the idea of RJ, i.e. presumptions concerning the model of RJ, knowledge of consequences of new law order, knowledge of law settlements concerning the application of mediation. 2) Attitudes towards the institution of mediation in the community of lawyers, beliefs concerning efficacy of mediation in penal conflicts and reasoning for its application in different phases of the trial process. 3) Preferred model of conducting mediation in court practice: expectations connected with the role and function of mediator, beliefs concerning the reasoning of mediation application in certain types of penal conflicts, views concerning criteria for the selection of cases for mediation. Author's abstract.