Source: (2010) In, Sharanjeet Parmar, et. al, eds., Children and transitional justice: Truth-telling, accountability and reconciliation. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School. pp. 31-65.

This chapter looks at a number of the basic assumptions of transitional justice as it affects children. Perhaps the most basic assumption of all is that transitional justice mechanisms are the best vehicle to achieve an end to impunity, through criminal prosecutions and other accountability and truth-seeking strategies.2 Experience demonstrates the validity of this assumption: from the tribunals in Nuremberg and Tokyo after the Second World War, to the truth commissions addressing the conflicts of the 1980s and 1990s in Latin America, to the permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) which became operational in 2002, transitional justice has signaled a break with the past and assisted societies throughout the world to move forward. However, there is less empirical data for making such an assessment regarding children, since they have been involved only recently in transitional justice processes and their participation has been something of an “‘add-on.” (excerpt)

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