Source: (2000) Paper presented at the American Psychological Association annual convention, held in Washington, D.C., 4-8 August. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.Violence against women is a significant public health issue domestically and globally. Mary Koss looks at several aspects of the traditional adversarial and retributive criminal justice system and argues that it fails to deter such violence, and to protect and aid women. In fact, it often further traumatizes women psychologically. Various reforms have been enacted to improve the response to violence against women within the traditional system, but Koss finds these inadequate. She then elaborates and evaluates communitarian justice as the most promising restorative justice model for addressing violence against women.