Source: (1993) Access to Justice Network. Publication of the John Howard Society of Alberta - 1995.

The alternative dispute resolution movement originated in response to mounting dissatisfaction with the adversarial court process and the perceived judicial mismanagement of disputes. Other, more specific concerns such as lack of confidence in courts, lack of accessibility to courts because of costs or uneasiness with formal procedures and the notion that dispute settlement will have more benefit to the parties and the community if it takes place at the community level also contributed to the rise of the alternative dispute resolution movement. Alternative dispute resolution is both a set of principles and a set of practices.