Source: (2001) Working paper 01/3. State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Project. Canberra: The Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies.In response to problems of lawlessness in Papua New Guinea (PNG), Dinnen argues that strategies to address the problems must be comprehensive, involving not only the state but all stakeholders (public and private sectors). With this in mind, Dinnen looks at law and justice challenges in PNG and identifies key directions for reform. His paper begins with descriptions of social and political changes in PNG, manifestations of crime and lawlessness, formal and informal sectors in society, and law and justice agencies in PNG. Then Dinnen elaborates directions for reform, with particular reference to a governmental policy and plan of action oriented around three pillars: (1) improving the efficiency of the deterrence system; (2) sectoral coordination; and (3) prevention and restorative justice.