Source: (2001) Youth & Society 32(4): 492-509.

This article discusses the trend of juvenile and youth crime, which has been on the rise during the past 40 years in China. With the help of literature derived from Chinese policy documents and criminological sources, it highlights the essence of Chinese Marxist criminological thought and the changing conceptions of delinquency from the post revolutionary period to the present. It also examines official responses to delinquency as well as the recent development of juvenile justice in China. The article argues that the current system of delinquency control and juvenile justice should gradually move toward the adoption of a just restorative approach.