Source: (1995) The Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. Downloaded 9 December 2005.

11. Invites States, in cooperation with the relevant United Nations bodies and institutions, to develop multidisciplinary training, taking into account national and international instruments, standards and norms with respect to juvenile justice and human rights for law enforcement personnel and other professionals concerned with children. Training should further include information on child development, improving communication with children, increasing knowledge on available facilities for their treatment and rehabilitation of child victims and offenders; 12. Recommends that States ensure that all structures, procedures and programmes in the administration of justice with regard to child offenders should promote assistance to allow children to take responsibility for their actions and to encourage, inter alia, reparation, mediation and restitution, especially for the direct victims of the crime;(excerpt)

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