Source: (2001) In Reconciliation, Justice, and Coexistence: Theory & Practice, ed. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, pp. 165-186. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.This chapter presents a case study in peacebuilding based on a method developed by the author. Assefa begins by summarizing the background and issues of a conflict in northern Ghana, a conflict he calls “The Guinea Fowl War.�? After widespread, devastating violence and destruction, a consortium of non-governmental organizations initiated a peacebuilding process, which included inviting the author’s involvement. Out of his experiences, Assefa discusses particular insights, lessons, and implications of this process: the method of reconciliation in large-scale social conflicts; protracted civil wars and the grassroots approach; the relationship between justice and reconciliation; reconciliation as mediation between tradition and modernity; and the role of religion in the reconciliation process.