Source: (2013) Children's Legal Rights Journal. 33:348-376.

This Article examines culturally sensitive practices to community-based care, and compares the role of kinship care as the norm among the various ethnic groups of Ethiopia to the emergence of the child welfare system in the United States, based on a standard of parental care. Part II provides a brief analysis of the situation for orphaned children in Ethiopia and the development of their tribal system of care, with child welfare services supplementing the traditional practices among the various ethnic groups of the country. Part III examines the advent of the U.S. child welfare system, its laws and practices, and the tendency to focus on the individual rather than the community in these forums. Part IV analyzes the experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native children in the U.S. child welfare system, and their cultural tendency to rely on internal tribal communities for the support and care of orphaned children. Part V concludes by recommending widespread implementation of the Family Group Decision Making ("FGDM") model as a more culturally sensitive and community based practice to empower families and communities to work together and care for their children. (excerpt)