Source: (2011) Kabul: The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU)’s Community-Based Dispute Resolution (CBDR) series was therefore launched in 2006 to support policy and programming in the field of justice sector reform and rehabilitation. It aimed to do this by providing in-depth, qualitative knowledge on common dispute types and processes used in dispute resolution at the community level, principles and sources of legal authority deployed in these processes, and existing links between state and non-state actors in the management of disputes. Additionally, the series sought to shed light on issues of gender equity and human rights protection within CBDR. The series focused its research on rural communities in eastern, central and northern provinces of Afghanistan to get a sense of the similarities and differences in community-based resolution practices across the country. This, the final case study of the series, examines CBDR in one neighbourhood of Kabul City to determine the effects of the urban environment on dispute resolution practices. Specifically, this study analyses the impact of demographic diversity, exposure to warrelated violence, patterns of long-term displacement, proximity to state services, and ongoing social change on the practice, efficacy and legitimacy of CBDR and its links to state processes and actors. The study analyses how factors unique to the capital and its urban environment affect the practice of dispute resolution at the local level. By doing so, it seeks to provide a meaningful basis for comparison with similar studies in more isolated and homogeneous rural areas.