Source: (2006) Papers presented at the Fourth Conference of the European Forum for Restorative Justice, “Restorative justice: An agenda for Europe”, Barcelona, Spain, 15-17 June 2006.

Community mediation in the UK began to develop in the 1980s as a response to a startling rise in the incidence of reported neighbourhood disputes. In Scotland the first community mediation service was launched in Edinburgh in 1995, and the next ten years saw a period of rapid and sustained growth which was well beyond that experienced in the rest of the UK. There are now 31 services in Scotland, covering almost the whole of the country from large cities to small islands, and assisting with the resolution of over 3000 community conflicts every year. (excerpt)