Source: (2008) Major paper for LLM at Osgoode Hall Law School.

The development of collaborative policing strategies, from traditional 'problem-oriented' policing is similar, in principle, to the evolution of restorative justice from retributive justice -- a change from public order policing, zero tolerance, and expert based authority to a more collaborative philosophy of policing which emphasizes persuasion, social justice, incorporating community and community interaction. Community policing therefore represents a form of collaboration, which like other alternative dispute resolution (ADR) processes, aims to transform the manner in which societies view the nature and scope of conflict (excerpt)

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