Source: (2001) Paper presented at the Theology and Culture: Peacemaking in a Globalized World conference. Bienenberg Theological Seminary, Switzerland, 25-29 June.

McIntosh contends for community as the basis of human relationship that generates peace. Building on elements in Celtic spirituality, he develops the significance and character of community (relationship with other people, with nature, and with God). Then he analyzes war as the antithesis of peace and as the result of the disintegration of the connectedness of community. This analysis includes discussion of the trauma caused by such disintegration and violence. McIntosh also examines power in terms of a continuum from evil to good expressions of power (both in exterior and interior forms). This leads to his thoughts on how poverty, chastity, and obedience can inform peace activism and shape community.


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