Source: (1985) Dissertation, Michigan State University. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 239p.

In this study, two models of diversion were compared to traditional processing by the juvenile justice system: diversion without services (i.e., outright release) and diversion to the Community Service Program. The Community Service Program provided a setting for the arbitration of conflicts, the payment of restitution, and the placement of youths in voluntary community service positions. Participants (n=243) were randomly assigned to one of the three "treatment" conditions. This study provided consistent evidence of successful diversion implementation. At the same time, no evidence was found to indicate that diversion was more effective than traditional processing in reducing labeling or delinquency.