Source: (1999) In Restorative juvenile justice: Repairing the harm of youth crime, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, 129-154. With an introduction by Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.Walgrave observes that many equate mediation and restorative justice. He counters by contending that restorative justice is and should be a much wider concept. Community service offers a necessary basic complement to victim-oriented aspects of restorative justice processes. Walgrave therefore explores the need for restorative justice to be more than a form of diversion â in other words, it should be a fully-fledged alternative to rehabilitative and retributive juvenile systems. Toward this end, restorative justice will have to account for the community as a third party vital to adequate reckoning with crime. In particular, Walgrave discusses âpublic lossesâ? incurred by communities through crime. Community service can restore âpublic losses.â? With all of this in mind, Walgrave, while acknowledging potential issues and problems (e.g., coercion, legal safeguards, proportionality) in community service and restorative processes in general, contends for a maximalist perspective where restorative justice aims for thorough reform and transformation of the criminal justice system.