Source: (1999) In Restorative juvenile justice: Repairing the harm of youth crime, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, 129-154. With an introduction by Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.

Walgrave observes that many equate mediation and restorative justice. He counters by contending that restorative justice is and should be a much wider concept. Community service offers a necessary basic complement to victim-oriented aspects of restorative justice processes. Walgrave therefore explores the need for restorative justice to be more than a form of diversion – in other words, it should be a fully-fledged alternative to rehabilitative and retributive juvenile systems. Toward this end, restorative justice will have to account for the community as a third party vital to adequate reckoning with crime. In particular, Walgrave discusses “public lossesâ€? incurred by communities through crime. Community service can restore “public losses.â€? With all of this in mind, Walgrave, while acknowledging potential issues and problems (e.g., coercion, legal safeguards, proportionality) in community service and restorative processes in general, contends for a maximalist perspective where restorative justice aims for thorough reform and transformation of the criminal justice system.