Source: (2010) London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies.

What follows is divided into four sections. The first section briefly summarises basic evidence concerning the circumstances of youth justice in England and Wales, drawing on relevant comparative data in as digestible a form as possible. The second provides a more systematic overview of research findings on the outcomes of different kinds of direct work with young people who have repeatedly broken the law. The third section considers why the kinds of approaches most familiar in the law and order debate – the application of punitive sanctions – do not have the impact they are generally purported to have despite their widespread acceptance. Finally, there will be discussion of how to bridge the present gap between research findings and effective practice, and the implications of doing so for wider policy formulation. (excerpt)

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