Source: (2008) In Katherine Van Wormer, Restorative Justice Across the East and the West. Manchester, UK: Casa Verde Publishing. Pp. 113-121.

"Restorative justice is a precious gift from the West. However, as early as ancient China, the notions such as the non-lawsuit, rule of rites, education and persuasion contained in Chinese traditional legal culture of "numen" are similar to restorative justice today. The goal of bringing about a harmonious community or society is a central theme of both belief systems. What is described in this essay is the compatibility between Chinese traditional legal culture and modern-day restorative justice." (Abstract)