Source: (2003) Paper submitted for the XIth International Symposium on Victimology. 13-18 July 2003, Stellenbosch, South Africa. Downloaded 21 August 2003.Ian Freckelton begins his paper with this observation: the payment of financial compensation for non-monetary effects of crime – such as pain and suffering – is a comparatively recent phenomenon internationally. As part of the rise of the victim’s rights and needs movement, such payment was seen as a breakthrough in societal empathy and responsibility toward victims of crime. However, according to Freckelton, in recent years there has been a backlash against state funding of compensation schemes. To explore all of this, Freckelton examines the Australian experience of criminal injuries compensation. He also reflects on likely international trends in provision of pecuniary and non-pecuniary assistance to victims of crime.