Source: (2009) Virginia Journal of International Law. 50(1): 107-162.In recent years, the government of Uganda has been engaged in peace talks with the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) to end the nation's devastating civil war. By most accounts, the talks have represented the best chance yet to realize a conclusive end to the twenty-year conflict, but negotiations have frequently stalled because of the still unresolved question of accountability for serious crimes.' In 2005, the International Criminal Court (ICC or Court) issued arrest warrants for a handful of LRA leaders accused of crimes against humanity and other grave offenses. Although it was Uganda that initially referred the matter to the ICC, the government later took the position that it would seek withdrawal of the ICC warrants if the accused agreed to undergo a traditional tribal justice ritual that requires a public confession and an apology without threat of incarceration. More recent developments in Uganda indicate a plan to supplement traditional justice with more formal court proceedings for those accused of the most serious crimes. (Excerpt).