Source: (2002) In, Nicholas Bala, et. al., eds. Juvenile Justice Systems: An International Comparison of Problems and Solutions. Pp. 255-270.In this chapter, Bala, Hornick, and Snyder review the entire book and identify significant trends in juvenile justice. As they note, the book presents case studies of the juvenile justice systems of the world’s major, predominantly English-speaking countries. These case studies illustrate the relationship between political, social, and economic context, and the social and legal responses to youth crime. Additionally, the case studies lead to identification of common problems and themes, and a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the juvenile justice systems in each jurisdiction. With all of this in mind, the authors draw out major issues and directions in juvenile justice across international lines by analyzing pertinent demographic changes, trends in offending rates, key aspects of existing juvenile justice systems, and recent developments in juvenile justice.