Source: (2000) The British Criminology Conference: Selected Proceedings. Volume 3.Interest is growing in the UK in approaches to dealing with offending. This paper considers issues presented by different models of family group conferencing in Australia and New Zealand to identify the potential benefits and limitations of adopting such an approach. Specifically of concern is that the objective of conferencing determines at what point in response to criminal behavior the conferencing should take place. Each point along the way requires different operational arrangements and carries different implications concerning discretion and protection of rights.