Source: (1999) Social Justice 26(1).

Methodological concerns about the effectiveness of contemporary conflict intervention strategies have resurged in the light of renewed hostilities in nations which have experienced geopolitical, economic, ethnic, religious and cultural conflicts. It is argued that traditional conflict resolution methods, such as conciliation, mediation with force, peacekeeping, consultation and arbitration will continue to be only partially effective in addressing social conflict and new approaches must be developed.