Source: (1988) In Frances Heidenson and Martin Farrell, eds., Crime in Europe. London: Routledge. Pp. 151-171.As Christa Pelikan observes, juvenile justice and the juvenile court often serve as a field of experimentation for the criminal justice in general. She speculates that reforms and new ideas grow more easily in the juvenile justice as such changes do not seem to pose the same kind of threat for the established system as a whole. With this in mind, Pelikan looks at conflict resolution between victims and offenders in juvenile justice systems in Austria and in the Federal Republic of Germany. Through this paper, she examines the respective legal frameworks for juvenile justice and conflict resolution, statistics on juvenile offending, specific conflict resolution projects, examples of conflict resolution cases, and theoretical concepts and empirical data with respect to conflict resolution.