Source: (2009) Contemporary Justice Review. 12(2): pg. 191-205.

The means by which a peacemaking paradigm and restorative justice principles can be applied to international conflicts are explored. The utility of peacemaking criminology in areas of war-torn Africa, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East are highlighted. Using Fuller’s peacemaking pyramid paradigm, a multi-pronged message of nonviolence, social justice, and inclusion of diverse cultural groups is emphasized. The application of both peacemaking criminology and restorative justice is presented as being workable to acknowledge the real pain, sorrow, and inequity that are experienced among the aggrieved around the world. Further, the spiritual and humanist elements of peacemaking criminology are emphasized, demonstrating that peacemaking criminology is uniquely suited to resolving conflict rooted in religious differences around the globe. The restorative justice emphasis on healing, bringing victims and offenders together, and making communities whole is shown as an effective adjunct and a natural partner to peacemaking approaches.