Source: (2008) Monograph 148, Institute for Security Studies.

This study makes a modest contribution to a review of the transition period. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the anti-corruption institutions and laws that were in force during that time, evaluates the degree of their success or failure and identifies the factors that supported or inhibited their effectiveness. It further identifies some of the major gaps in national laws and regulations that could be prioritised to make national legislation compliant with international legal instruments (specifically the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the African Union [AU] Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, and the Southern African Development Community [SADC] Protocol against Corruption). Finally, recommendations are made regarding what measures should be prioritised to improve the legal framework and the relevant institutions in the short to medium term. (excerpt)