Source: (2004) Visiting Experts' Papers, 123rd International Senior Seminar, Resource Material Series No. 63, pp. 136-141. Tokyo: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute For the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. Downloaded 10 February 2005.

In Pakistan, the present criminal justice system is primarily based upon the codified penal and procedural laws designed by the British masters in the colonial era of British Indian history. It includes the Criminal Procedure Code of 1898 and Penal Code of 1860. Since these criminal laws did not provide for any concept of restorative justice we have not inherited a system having any such provisions. Our system is still based upon the accusatorial principle i.e. the state is a party in any criminal transaction. Punishment of the offender as a rule has been provided as the only penalty for the criminals instead of extending any relief/remedy to the victim. It truly speaks of the underlying objective that the state is interested in maintaining "order" and writof the state in the society instead of taking care of the victim. (excerpt)

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