Source: (2000) Paper presented at the Crime and Policing in Transitional Societies conference held at South African Institute Of International Affairs. 30 August- 1 September. KONRAD ADENAUER STIFTUNG. Downloaded 25 June 03.In this essay, Elrena van der Spuy looks at the shifting crime policies of the South African government in recent years. She contends that government perspectives on and responses to crime follow many rationales, rather than one. Such perspectives and responses are also devised in a very fluid and often contentious social and political context. With all of this in mind, she examines transitional politics in relation to increases in crime, specific governmental responses to crime, the question of militarization of crime control, key developments regarding legislative frameworks and policing structures, organized crime and public order, and future challenges for South African governmental policies in relation to crime.