Source: (2002) Edinburg: University of Edinburg.There has been a substantial growth in restorative justice initiatives and programs around the world in the past two or three decades. While there are a variety of applications of restorative justice principles, conferencing in particular has been pioneered in the United Kingdom in a number of areas, notably by the Thames Valley police and by the Youth Justice Board throughout England and Wales. In March 2002 the Scottish Executive launched an initiative to promote restorative measures in Scotland’s youth justice system. This briefing paper provides a survey of restorative justice as a background to the efforts in Scotland. The paper covers restorative justice conferencing, young people and restorative justice, and re-offending outcomes in relation to restorative approaches.