Source: (2003) In Criminal Justice Ministry: A Congregational Handbook for Jail and Prison Ministry (Criminal Justice Topics for Reflection and Discussion). Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod. Pp. C-7, C-8. Downloaded 12 August 2005.

“To recover, victims need to move from the ‘recoil’ phase to a ‘reorganization’ phase. In cases of serious crimes, they need to move from being victims to being survivors. Victims need to progress to the point where the offense and the offender no longer dominate them. However, this is difficult and timeconsuming. For many, it may never be fully attained. (excerpt)

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